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Addressing Nigeria’s Electricity Challenges: Past, Present, And Future Strategies

Addressing Nigeria’s Electricity Challenges: Past, Present, And Future Strategies

Adebayo, Adeyinka Victor1, Priye Kenneth Ainah2
1University of Johannesburg, South Africa
2Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Niger Delta University, Wilberforce Island, Amassoma, Bayelsa State, Nigeria

Abstract
This paper provides a comprehensive analysis of Nigeria’s on-going electricity challenges, examining the historical, current, and future aspects of the nation’s power sector. It begins by reviewing the structural and policy decisions that have shaped Nigeria’s electricity infrastructure, highlighting key issues such as limited investment, inadequate grid capacity, regulatory problems, and an over-reliance on traditional energy sources. These factors have led to a fragile power supply system characterized by frequent grid collapses, high transmission losses, power outages, and an evolving tariff structure that fails to fund necessary infrastructure improvements. The paper delves into the out-dated power infrastructure, inconsistent regulatory frameworks, and inadequate financing that hinder progress in the power sector. To address these challenges, it proposes several strategies and policy reforms. These include significant investments in modernizing infrastructure, regulatory changes to attract private investment, expanding renewable energy sources, and focusing on decentralized, regionally managed grids. Additionally, the paper emphasizes the importance of stakeholder engagement, arguing that active participation from all parties is essential for the success of these strategies. It underscores the need for coordinated efforts from the government, private sector, and international partners to achieve a sustainable and reliable electricity supply. By implementing these targeted strategies, Nigeria can develop a robust, equitable, and forward-looking electricity sector that promotes economic growth and development, ensuring that all stakeholders feel valued and integral to the solution.

Keywords: Nigeria’s Electricity Challenges; Future Strategies; Inadequate Grid Capacity; Traditional Energy Sources

Citation: Adebayo, A. V. & Ainah, P. K. (2024). Addressing Nigeria’s Electricity Challenges: Past, Present, And Future Strategies. American Journal of Applied Sciences and Engineering, 5(2) 1-16. ¬†https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.12633012
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