Live Covid-19
United States 100,863,106
Cases: 100,863,106
Deaths: 1,106,860
Recovered: 98,283,998
Active: 1,472,248
India 44,674,667
Cases: 44,674,667
Deaths: 530,630
Recovered: 44,138,554
Active: 5,483
France 38,067,974
Cases: 38,067,974
Deaths: 159,093
Recovered: 36,974,097
Active: 934,784
Germany 36,557,861
Cases: 36,557,861
Deaths: 158,198
Recovered: 35,913,000
Active: 486,663
Brazil 35,408,852
Cases: 35,408,852
Deaths: 690,231
Recovered: 34,262,104
Active: 456,517
South Korea 27,331,250
Cases: 27,331,250
Deaths: 30,769
Recovered: 26,382,172
Active: 918,309
Japan 25,220,452
Cases: 25,220,452
Deaths: 50,344
Recovered: 20,754,250
Active: 4,415,858
Italy 24,488,080
Cases: 24,488,080
Deaths: 181,733
Recovered: 23,799,178
Active: 507,169
United Kingdom 24,024,746
Cases: 24,024,746
Deaths: 197,253
Recovered: 23,754,601
Active: 72,892
Russia 21,617,601
Cases: 21,617,601
Deaths: 392,231
Recovered: 21,018,980
Active: 206,390
Turkey 17,005,537
Cases: 17,005,537
Deaths: 101,400
Recovered:
Active: 16,904,137
Spain 13,614,807
Cases: 13,614,807
Deaths: 116,108
Recovered: 13,403,322
Active: 95,377
Vietnam 11,517,722
Cases: 11,517,722
Deaths: 43,177
Recovered: 10,608,922
Active: 865,623
Australia 10,754,429
Cases: 10,754,429
Deaths: 16,244
Recovered: 10,546,102
Active: 192,083
Argentina 9,739,856
Cases: 9,739,856
Deaths: 130,034
Recovered: 9,590,198
Active: 19,624
Netherlands 8,544,770
Cases: 8,544,770
Deaths: 22,920
Recovered: 8,498,809
Active: 23,041
Taiwan 8,369,226
Cases: 8,369,226
Deaths: 14,478
Recovered: 8,036,406
Active: 318,342
Iran 7,559,855
Cases: 7,559,855
Deaths: 144,640
Recovered: 7,335,301
Active: 79,914
Mexico 7,132,792
Cases: 7,132,792
Deaths: 330,525
Recovered: 6,400,759
Active: 401,508
Indonesia 6,680,203
Cases: 6,680,203
Deaths: 159,978
Recovered: 6,469,238
Active: 50,987
Poland 6,354,402
Cases: 6,354,402
Deaths: 118,340
Recovered: 5,335,940
Active: 900,122
Colombia 6,318,021
Cases: 6,318,021
Deaths: 141,911
Recovered: 6,142,640
Active: 33,470
Austria 5,576,695
Cases: 5,576,695
Deaths: 21,232
Recovered: 5,508,210
Active: 47,253
Portugal 5,546,290
Cases: 5,546,290
Deaths: 25,517
Recovered: 5,500,769
Active: 20,004
Greece 5,404,690
Cases: 5,404,690
Deaths: 34,309
Recovered: 5,338,821
Active: 31,560
Ukraine 5,341,284
Cases: 5,341,284
Deaths: 110,586
Recovered: 5,216,858
Active: 13,840
Malaysia 5,000,332
Cases: 5,000,332
Deaths: 36,713
Recovered: 4,941,114
Active: 22,505
Chile 4,937,047
Cases: 4,937,047
Deaths: 62,571
Recovered: 4,858,162
Active: 16,314
North Korea 4,772,813
Cases: 4,772,813
Deaths: 74
Recovered: 4,772,739
Active: 0
Israel 4,727,322
Cases: 4,727,322
Deaths: 11,878
Recovered: 4,704,016
Active: 11,428

The 1976 Local Government Reform and Effective Service Delivery in the Local Government System in Nigeria, 2000 – 2018: An Appraisal

The 1976 Local Government Reform and Effective Service Delivery in the Local Government System in Nigeria, 2000 – 2018: An Appraisal

ABSTRACT

The local government system is no doubt the government nearest to the people at the grassroots level. As such, its’ importance in impacting people’s lives cannot be over-emphasized. There is therefore a continuous effort to make the system functional at all times to make the local government serve the purpose for which it was created.  Several reforms have taken place in this respect, one of which is the 1976 reform. This study appraises the 1976 Local Government Reform with a view to ascertaining how it has impacted effective service delivery in the Nigeria Local Government System within the period, 2000 – 2018. Secondary data were employed in the investigation of the impact of the reform on the revenue base of Local Governments, personnel management, and democratic political participation in the Local Government system. Evolution theory was adopted as the framework of analysis. The outcome of the study indicates that as a result of the 1976 local government reform, the Local Government system in Nigeria experienced an enhanced revenue base, improved personnel management, and more democratic political participation. A major challenge observed, however, was the interference of some State Governments on the statutory rights of Local Governments as provided for in the reform as well as in the 1979 and 1999 constitutions, (as amended). This impacted negatively on effective Service delivery in the Local Government system. As a way out, the study recommends that Local Governments should be given financial and administrative autonomy to enable them to control their allocations from the Federation Account and also the 10% of the States’ internally generated revenue for their developmental activities. Joint control of the Local Government staff by the States and Local Governments is advocated to avoid over-politicization of staff. Finally, more democratic political participation by the citizens at the grassroots level is recommended to enable the people to contribute their quotas in the service delivery of their localities.

Keywords: Local Government Reform, Constitutions, Service Delivery, Grassroots Level

Authorship
Chitor, Ephraim C. and Odoziobodo, Severus I., PhD | Full PDF

 

 

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